What Does Orchestration Mean?

Awarded four Emmys and hailed by Variety as "a rare moment in the symbiosis
of the arts and broadcasting," Leonard Bernstein's Young People's Concerts
left their mark on television history. Aired on CBS from 1958 to 1972,
these 53 one-hour programs were written and hosted by Leonard Bernstein.
With the New York Philharmonic and guest artists providing the live music,
these programs brought musical concepts and music history to life for
generations of viewers. "Lectures accompanying music might not sound like
the formula of a hit kids' TV program, but Bernstein was the secret
ingredient who made it work" (Variety). Balancing scholarship and
showmanship, Maestro Bernstein brings the full range of his magnetic
personality to play in these programs. And he succeeds in infecting viewers
young and old, connoisseurs and the uninitiated, with his overwhelming love
of music.
After brief introductory remarks, Bernstein conducts the finale of
Rimsky-Korsakov's "Capriccio Espanol" and then explains what a composer
must know in order to orchestrate music successfully. He compares the flute
to the trumpet, and the clarinet to the viola, with examples from Debussy
and Gershwin. After asking the audience to sing two notes in a variety of
ways, he contrasts the families of instruments that compose an orchestra,
using excerpts from Prokofiev, Hindemith, Mozart and others, ending with
Ravel's "Bolero."

Title: What Does Orchestration Mean?
Conductor: Leonard Bernstein
Orchestra: New York Philharmonic
Video Director: Charles S. Dubin
Genre: Special
Length: 58 minutes
Cat.No.: A035051240003